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Superficial bladder cancer
1 TURB (Trans Urethral Rescission Bladder): it lets us have a histological test and, thus, it allows the determination of the stage of the bladder cancer disease
2 Thulium Laser: the formation can be treated with ablutions or, if biopsy were necessary, it can be incised and treated with ablutions. The use of laser grants an excellent haemostasis and has thus taken the place of TURB. If the therapeutic choice were still TURB, we usually use laser after it so that we can get a better diathermic coagulation, a better haemostasis and a decrease in the relapsing risk.
Thulium laser resection via a flexible cystoscope for recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer: initial clinical experience.
Comparing the safety and efficiency of conventional monopolar, plasmakinetic, and holmium laser transurethral resection of primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.
Clinical observation on 2 micron laser for non-muscle-invasive bladder tumor treatment: single-center experience.
2-micrometer continuous wave laser treatment for multiple non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer with intravesical instillation of epirubicin.
Tm:YAG laser en bloc mucosectomy for accurate staging of primary bladder cancer: early experience.
Current evidence for transurethral laser therapy of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.
Holmium:YAG laser vaporization of recurrent papillary tumours of the bladder under local anaesthesia.
Holmium YAG laser treatment of superficial bladder carcinoma.
Endoscopic therapy of superficial bladder cancer in high-risk patients: Holmium laser versus transurethral resection.
Holmium laser treatment for low grade, low stage, noninvasive bladder cancer with local anesthesia and early instillation of mitomycin C.